Fascination Vesuvius: the Neapolitan fire mountain

Fascination Vesuvius: the Neapolitan fire mountain

"Certainly the Neapolitan would be a different person if he did not feel himself trapped between God and Satan." Johann Wolfgang von Goethe comes to this conclusion when he observes a marvelous sunset in March 1787 on his descent from Mount Vesuvius. And indeed, it is this mixture of the terrible and the beautiful that creates fascination worldwide: the dangerous volcano on the beautiful Gulf of Naples.

Every child in Italy knows the name of the fire-breathing mountain near which lies the metropolis of Naples. The Italians call it "Vesuvio" and every year thousands of tourists from all over the world flock to the fate mountain. It is widely known that the volcano could erupt at any time without great warnings ...

It is the only active volcano on mainland Europe and one of the most popular tourist attractions in the country - which means something in the rich Italian cultural history. However, the reasons for his worldwide fame go hand in hand with disasters and calamities.


The dark end of Pompeii
In addition to Mount Vesuvius, it attracts tourists especially to Pompeii. Yet, the city has not existed for centuries. In ancient times, Pompeii was a prosperous Mediterranean city. It was located on a high plateau ten kilometers south of Mount Vesuvius, and from the palaces of the city, the view over the Gulf of Naples must have been splendid.

Fascination Vesuvius: the Neapolitan fire mountain

On August 24, 79 AD, the sky over Pompeii suddenly darkened. Daily earthquakes had announced the eruption of the volcano over weeks. House walls were torn open and water pipes were broken. But not all Pompeians knew how to interpret these warning signs in time. The panic that erupted at the sight of the threatening ash cloud came too late. In just a few hours, the city and its inhabitants were buried under ashes and ash avalanches.


The once magnificent Pompeii is forgotten for a long time. Centuries later, amazing ancient finds are made in the region, which are in great demand during the Renaissance. Marauders and historians are slowly revealing the mystery of the lost city, but it is not until the 18th century that it is systematically and almost "unharmed" unearthed. Pompeii rises like a phoenix from the ashes, because the pumice stone of the volcanic eruption has virtually preserved the city and the dead. "There has been much mischief in the world, but little that would have given posterity so much pleasure," notes Goethe during a visit to the excavation site.


A volcano as a tourist attraction
The eruption of Vesuvius in the year 79 should not be the only one. Larger eruptions follow in the years 472 and 1631. The last eruption so far occurred on 18 March 1944. Since then, Mount Vesuvius is in a period of rest, whose duration is difficult to predict.

Fascination Vesuvius: the Neapolitan fire mountain

A visit to Pompeii and the ascent of Mount Vesuvius should not be missed when staying in the Napoli region. The danger of the volcano, the perishable sinking of the city and the nevertheless undeniable beauty of mountain and antiquity on the Mediterranean - Vesuvius and its stories have not only captivated Goethe.

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